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Reddish Vale Country Park

Adults males usually grow to 8 cm and adult females around 13 cm and their skin has a warty appearance and ranges from green to brown. They weigh about 20 to 80 grams.

Toads can live up to 40 years.

 

Toads generally hunt at night, and are most active in wet weather. As a defense against predators they secrete a toxic, foul tasting substance called bufagin. This is enough to deter many predators although grass snakes and hedgehogs are immune.

 

Although the adults spend most of their time on land the females enter ponds and other still waters to lay their eggs, toadspawn, which can be distinguished from the spawn of the common frog as it forms strings rather than a large mass of eggs. Eggs are laid in the spring, with the females attempting to return to the water in which they were born. The young tadpoles resemble other tadpoles in their appearance except that toadpoles have a larger, rounder blacker head and shorter tail.

 

Young common toads eat ants and some small flies. Adult common toads eat invertebrates such as insects, insect larvae, spiders, slugs and worms, which they catch on their sticky tongues. Larger toads may also take small reptiles and rodents, which are swallowed alive.

 

Toads have a long association with European witchcraft, as familiars and ingredients in potions.

 

Many toads are killed on the roads while migrating to their breeding grounds; in some places special tunnels have been constructed so they can cross under roads and local wildlife groups run toad patrols carrying them across busy crossing points in buckets.

 

One of the best places to see toads spawning, tadpoles and toadlets at Reddish Vale is Sunnyside Pond.

Toads spawn March/April.

Toadlets emerge from the ponds begining of June.

 

 

Common Toad

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Reddish Vale Country Park

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Lifespan, up to 40 years.

Body length, 8-15cm, males are smaller than females.

Diet, insects, spiders, slugs, worms even grass snakes and harvest mice which are swallowed alive.

Common Toad